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:
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5646  (new)7
1750  (new)175


(. Alan Mathison Turing; 23 1912 7 1954) , , , .
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, . , 1943 . - .
1945 ǻ (ACE, Automatic Computing Engine), 1948 ̻ (MADAM, Manchester Automatic DigitAl Machine), . , . , , , , , , : , , .
1952 . , - , .
 


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